“A fool is one who admires other cities without visiting Rome”

חולימאמא

In a city so filled with icons of the bygone days and the Christian faith, it's tough to know where to start. Of course, your

own interests will oversee your choices. Ensure that you don't visit too many prehistoric sites or churches in a row  Rome is so big that it can overpower you, so even the most ardent sightseers should take some time to relax and .enjoy the 'la dolce vita' as the Romans say

The below places are a must visit to Rome over a visit for 3 days in the beautiful city which can also be termed as a Living Museum.

:Day 1  –

The Colosseum and the Arch of Constantine

This mighty edifice is one of the most celebrated and iconic landmarks in the world and a trip to Rome would not be whole without visiting the Colosseum.

Also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, the Colosseum was built between 70-80 AD and at its peak was projected to hold 80,000 spectators.

This building was used to hold game, gladiator tournaments and other forms of entertaining and would frequently be attended by the Roman Emperors.

Located to the south west of the main terminus train station, the Colosseum is easily accessible and has a metro station in close vicinity.

Marvel at this renowned structure from all viewpoints, and make sure that you brave the queues and step inside to truly appreciate the enormity of this ancient place of celebration. If you visit on the 1st Sunday of the month, the entry is Free but be prepared for the huge queues. I would also recommend you to take a guided tour that would include the Roman Forum next to the Colosseum.

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The Roman Forum

Perhaps one of the most significant Roman ruins in Italy, the Roman Forum is an ancient location that consists of many ruins that were once the center of Roman public and partisan life.

Countless temples, squares and arches stood here including the temples of Saturn, Titus and Vesta and the Arch of Severus.

Much of these constructions still stand today and you can still appreciate several of the arches and building foundations and walls.

Located next to the Colosseum and Altar of the Fatherland, the Roman Forum truly is an essential site for your deliberation.

Tickets can be bought for admission to both the Forum and the Colosseum and it is advised to allow ample time to suitably discover the ruins and absorb the history of this magical place.

St. Peter's Square

Rome embraces a small country within a country – The Vatican. Actually, the World’s richest state and the most powerful too, as some claim it to be.

This independent state is one of the most significant sacred sites in the world and St. Peter’s Square is an iconic place where many momentous events have taken place.

Located at the front of the Vatican state, the square is essentially circular and is enclosed by two huge sets of colonnades – Standing on these columns are remarkable statues of various religious figures and previous popes.

In the center is a magnificent obelisk which was in fact taken from Nero’s Circus and looks Egyptian rather than Roman.

At the remote end of the square stands the iconic St Peter’s Basilica and in front of this a set of chairs are typically set out for papal ceremonies.

Take in the grandness of the square; see the crowds of people hoping to catch a sight of the Pope and use this as a preparatory point to explore the Vatican.

Sistine Chapel

Part of the Vatican museum compound, the Sistine Chapel is one of the most celebrated religious chapels in the world and has a spectacular amount of facets and iconography.

Located in the Apostolic Palace in the Vatican City, the Sistine Chapel was expansively reestablished in the 1400’s and the place where the papal enclave takes place – It is here that a new pope is designated.

The Sistine Chapel is predominantly famous for its all-embracing and comprehensive decorations including the Last Judgement fresco by Michelangelo and the ceiling artwork.

These two superb pieces are artwork are considered some of the most important and significant in religious history.

Ensure you bestow plenty of time to view this astounding structure and the wonders held within.

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Vatican Museums

This treasure trove of traditional and historic artwork has been constructed over many centuries by various popes and includes some of the most significant pieces of artwork in the world.

Situated within the confines of the Vatican state, the museums hold over 70,000 pieces of artwork.

A dual ticket can be bought to see both the Sistine Chapel and the museums and it is advised to devote enough time to see both properly.

Divided into several diverse sections, the museums comprise of the Museo Pio-Clementino, the Museum Chiaramonti, the Museo Gregoriano Etrusco and the Museo Gregoriano Egiziano each of which contains different artworks and themes.

Notable piece contain the Transfiguration by Raphael, the Entombment of Christ by Caravaggio and the incredible gallery of maps.

St. Peter's Basilica

Perhaps the most identifiable and renowned religious building in the world, St. Peter’s Basilica stands as a true victory to the power and debauchery of the catholic religion and it is held as one of the divinest shrines for its followers.

Standing at the far end of St. Peter’s square, the Basilica has a gorgeously designed front facade and is crowned with figurines of the Apostles and Jesus.

Inside the Basilica, the design and decoration is simply marvellous and it is considered as one of the most beautiful buildings in the world.

You will be astounded at the utter amount of decoration and detail, and how the light falls in spectacular rays at certain points during the day.

Both Michelangelo and Bernini contributed to the design and you can see their handicraft in the enormous dome and stunning Gloria sculpture.

Don’t forget to hike to the top of the roof to see an aerial view of St. Peter’s Square!

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:Day 2

The Pantheon

The monumental Pantheon stands as one of the best conserved ancient Roman buildings in the planet and is one of Rome’s most well-known attractions.

Constructed in 118 AD by Emperor Hadrian, the building that stands currently was actually constructed on the site where an prior temple stood that was specially made by Agrippa.

At the front of the building stands a quadrilateral porch lined with enormous columns and a dedication to Agrippa on the triangular pediment.

The interior features a splendid dome that has a succession of stone designs and a central coffer that permits light to spill through.

Located in the center of Rome on the Piazza della Rotonda, the Pantheon should be a real highpoint of your Roman trip.

Trevi Fountain

There are not various other fountains in the world as extravagantly ornamented and sculptured as the Trevi fountain.

Created in 1762 by Nicola Salvi, the fountain pays tribute to the Roman God Oceanus who can be seen riding his chariot drawn by Tritons and taming several Hippocamps.

The aspect of the sculptures is simply delightful and the whole portico and fountain are a real labor of art.

It has become a custom to throw coins into the water over your shoulder for good luck although trying to do so next to hundreds of other tourists might prove hard! Located in close vicinity to the Pantheon and Quirinale palace, this fountain should not be missed at all on when walking through the streets of Rome.

Spanish Steps

Situated in the Piazza di Spagna and the Piazza Trinita dei Monti, the 135 Spanish Steps were built in 1725 to span the gap and slope between these two prevalent squares.

Each of the 135 steps features a wide stone ledge and are enclosed by stone walls.

At the top of the steps you can find a huge crucifix obelisk and many engravings carved into the stone.

At the bottom of the steps, the Piazza di Spagna is expansive and encompasses a diversity of shops and cafes.

On the other hand, at the top of the stairs is the Trinita dei Monti church which in itself is a fine attraction.

Piazza Navona

Constructed on the site of the stadium of Domitian, the Piazza Navona was erected in the 15th century and has remained a popular attraction ever since.

Located in close immediacy to the Pantheon and the Trevi Fountain, the square is a wonderful place to visit whilst walking through the city center.

This huge square is usually full of artists and street vendors and the neighboring buildings frame the open space flawlessly.

Prominent elements of the square comprise of the Fontana del Moro and Fountain of Neptune with their fantastic sculptures, the Palazzo Braschi, the Palazzo Pamphilj and the Saint Agnese in Agone church.

Castle Saint Angelo

Also identified as the Mausoleum of Hadrian, the Castle Saint Angelo is a spherical fort and castle complex that was once the tallest structure in Rome.

Made in 129 AD, the castle is truly antique and was originally envisioned to function as a Mausoleum for the Emperor.

As time proceeded, the castle became part of the Vatican state and was associated to St.

Peter’s Basilica via an enormous corridor named the Passetto di Borgo.

Today the castle stands as a museum and comprises of delightful exhibits about the history of the edifice throughout history.

It is also conceivable to climb to the uppermost section of the castle walls for brilliant views across to St. Peter’s square and the city of Rome.

:Day 3

Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore

Rome is packed full of fantastic spiritual and ancient buildings and the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore is one such edifice.

Enumerated as a Basilica Major, it is one of the biggest churches in Rome and is situated in the Piazza of the same name.

The forward-facing face of this wonderful building features a central array of stone columns topped with statues and many engravings.

Additionally, there is also a large bell tower that rises above the neighboring buildings.

Whilst the outside is spectacular in its own right, interior is simply magnificent and features a vast amount of gold decoration, frescos and detailed paintings both on the ramparts and ceilings.

Of particular attention is the Borghese chapel that features some attractive paintings and gold sculptures.

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Trastevere

Speaking from my own personal experience, I can assure you that is one of the best places to spend half a day in Rome after you have seen the essential sights in Rome including the various historical buildings and covered the Vatican City to your heart's content. This is a beautiful neighbourhood of Rome easy to arrive to by public transport, and upon reaching you will be amazed at the authentic roman way of life here which can be seen here.

Situated on the west of the River Tiber, Trastevere is the 13th rione of Rome and is packed full of slender cobbled streets and character.

Ancient houses line the winding streets and many pubs, restaurants, cafes and bars can be found here too. Also check out the various small road side restaurants that offer you some of the best Italian food in all of Rome.

It is not unusual to see washing hanging out between the roads and for the locals to be shouting to each other from building to building.

This is Rome at its most forthright and simpleminded form.

Altar of the Fatherland

One more colossal monument situated in the soul of Rome, the Altar of the Fatherland is devoted to King Victor Emmanuel who was the principal king of unified Italy.

This great stone tribute is located in close vicinity to the Colosseum and the Pantheon.

At the anterior of the monument stands a great bronze statue of Emmanuel and many other stone sculptures.

The front frontage features a row of ornate columns and is also highly ornamented.

At the base of the monument there is also a thought-provoking museum that is committed to the amalgamation of Italy and the early years of its olden times.

 Appian Way and the Catacombs

Built in 312BC, this is supposed to be one of the ancient enduring roads in the world, and was of enormous importance to the Roman Empire, connecting the capital to southern settlements including Naples and Brindisi, and permitting for the quick movement of troops and goods.

At the time, it was the broadest and lengthiest road in the world and in testimony to the quality of its construction, much of what you can see today is still original masonry. Those Romans manufactured things to last!

After this, there are two Catacombs you can have a stopover at – the Catacombs of St. Callixtus and the Catacombs of St. Sebastian. The previous is slightly bigger and was the burial place of 16 popes, numerous Christians and a number of martyrs.

Campo De' Fiori

True to the words mentioned at the beginning, you must invest time in Rome to laze around, let the time pass you by and enjoy the Roman Life. That would mean maybe finishing up your Rome trip chilling in the beautiful Campo di Fiori which literally translates to being the 'Field of Flowers' because this area used to be a grassland during the middle ages.

The square began to be developed in the 15th century and introduced public executions. One of the most prominent figures who was convicted in Campo de’ Fiori was philosopher Giordano Bruno, who was scorched alive for profanation. A figure in the center of the piazza honors his sacrifice.

Today, it is full of activity that hosts a regular market and boasts plentiful shops and restaurants.  Try out of one these shops to chill and observe the Italian life which is a popular activity here also named as ‘people gazing’.

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